Speaking of Black Confederates

THE PRIVATE SOLDIER.

6. In the fullest sense, any man in the military service who receives pay, whether sworn in or not, is a soldier, because he is subject to military law. Under this general head, laborers, teamsters, sutlers, chaplains, &c. are soldiers. In a more limited sense, a private soldier is a man enlisted in the military service to serve in the cavalry, artillery, or infantry. He is said to be enlisted when he has been examined, his duties of obedience explained to him, and after he has taken the prescribed oath.

General August Kautz’s, USA,”Customs of Service, for Non-Commissioned Officers and Soldiers” (1864), page. 11

Anyone interested in the subject in S.H.A.P.E.’s Negros in Gray website at http://negrosingrey.southernheritageadvancementpreservationeducation.com/page.php?2 you can find the names and numbers of about 10,000 Negroes who served the Confederacy.

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2 thoughts on “Speaking of Black Confederates

  1. I have some articles I can share some of which are in Jpeg form and drf.

    These are from the Henderson Roster from Georgia
    Black Confederates
    Information from the Henderson Roster of Confederate Veterans 6 Volume set by Lillian Henderson
    MUSTER ROLL OF
    CO. A, 1st REGIMENT
    GEORGIA VOLUNTEER INFANTRY (OLMSTEAD’S),
    ARMY OF TENNESSEE
    C. S. A.,
    CHATHAM COUNTY, GEORGIA
    McCleskey, Henry (colored)-Musician August 10, 1861 . Term
    of enlistment six months. Roll for February 1862 , shows him present.
    Appointed Musician of Co. B, 18th Battalion Ga. Inf. Paroled
    near Sailor’s Creek, Va. April 7, 1865 .
    DeLyon, Charles Henry (colored)-Musician August 10, 1861 .
    Transferred to Co. D, 63d Regiment Ga. Inf. August 1, 1863 ; Co. B,
    October 31, 1863 . No later record.
    MUSTER ROLL OF THE *2d REPUBLICAN BLUES,
    INDEPENDENT COMPANY OF
    GEORGIA VOLUNTEER INFANTRY
    C. S. A.
    CHATHAM COUNTY, GEORGIA
    Harris, Alexander (Colored)-Musician May 31, 1861 . “Col-
    ored man, not mustered but in service.” Term of service 60
    days. Appointed Musician of Co. C, 1st Regiment Ga. Inf. (Olm-
    stead’s), August 20, 1862 . Appears last on roll for June 30, 1862 .
    No later record.
    Miller, Joseph (Colored)-Musician May 31, 1861 . “Colored man,
    not mustered but in service.” Term of service 60 days. Ap-
    pointed Musician of Co. C, 1st Regiment Ga. Inf. (Olmstead’s), August
    20, 1861 . Appears last on roll for June 30, 1862 . No later
    record.
    MUSTER ROLL OF COMPANY *C, 1st REGIMENT
    GEORGIA VOLUNTEER INFANTRY
    (OLMSTEAD’S)
    ARMY OF TENNESSEE
    C. S. A.
    CHATHAM COUNTY, GEORGIA
    (“1st REPUBLICAN BLUES”)
    Davidson, William (Colored)-Drummer May 30, 1861 . —-See
    Davenport’s Independent Company Cavalry, Ga. State Troops.
    Harris, Alexander (Colored)—–See Musician 2d Republican Blues.
    Miller, Joseph (Colored)—–See 2d Republican Blues.
    Waters, William (Colored)-Musician May 30, 1861 . “Colored
    man, not mustered in but in service.” Absent with leave December
    31, 1861 . No later record.
    MUSTER ROLL OF
    COMPANY D, 1st REGIMENT
    GEORGIA VOLUNTEER INFANTRY
    ( OLMSTEAD’S )
    ARMY OF TENNESSEE
    C. S. A.
    CHATHAM COUNTY, GEORGIA
    “SAVANNAH CITY LIGHT GUARDS, ”
    or
    “CITY LIGHT GUARDS.”
    Harvey, Simeon T.(colored)-Musician August 6, 1861 . Absent,
    sick, December 30, 1863 . No later record.
    MUSTER ROLL OF
    COMPANY *E, 1st REGIMENT
    GEORGIA VOLUNTEER INFANTRY
    (OLMSTEAD’S)
    ARMY OF TENNESSEE
    C. S. A.
    CHATHAM COUNTY, GEORGIA
    Middleton, Maurice (colored)-Musician October 8, 1861 . Absent
    with leave June 30, 1862 . No later record.
    MUSTER ROLL OF
    *Captain J. B. READ’S INDEPENDENT
    COMPANY GEORGIA INFANTRY
    C. S. A.
    CHATHAM COUNTY, GEORGIA
    (“IRISH VOLUNTEERS”)
    Brice, George (Colored)-Musician July 25, 1861 . Mustered out
    January 25, 1862 . No later record.
    Davis, Bacchus (Colored)-Musician July 25, 1861 . Mustered
    out January 25, 1862 . No later record.
    MUSTER ROLL OF *CAPTAIN A. C. DAVENPORT’S
    INDEPENDENT COMPANY
    GEORGIA VOLUNTEER CAVALRY
    3d BRIGADE, GEORGIA STATE TROOPS
    CHATHAM COUNTY, GEORGIA
    “TATTNALL GUARDS.”
    Davidson, William (Colored)-Musician January 3, 1861 . Term of
    service 60 days. Appointed Drummer of Co. C, 1st Regiment Ga. Inf.
    (Olmstead’s), May 30, 1861 . Remarks . “Colored man. Not
    mustered in, but in service, present.” Deserted at Camp Neely
    March 13, 1863 . Transferred to Co. B, 18th Battn. Ga. Inf. Did not
    report. Dropped from rolls prior to October 31, 1864 .
    MUSTER ROLL OF COMPANY G, 2d REGIMENT
    GEORGIA VOLUNTEER INFANTRY
    ARMY NORTHERN VIRGINIA
    C. S. A.
    MUSCOGEE COUNTY, GEORGIA
    ( “COLUMBUS GUARDS” )
    Howard, Robert M. —- private October 1, 1861 . Transferred to Nel-
    son’s Independent Company Ga. Cavalry June 20, 1862 . Ap-
    plied for authority to raise a company of colored troops April 1,
    1865 .
    MUSTER ROLL OF COMPANY H, 14th REGIMENT
    GEORGIA VOLUNTEER INFANTRY
    ARMY NORTHERN VIRGINIA
    C. S. A.
    LAURENS COUNTY, GEORGIA
    (“BLACKSHEAR GUARDS”)
    Yopp, Bill (Colored)-Drummer July 9, 1861 . Surrendered,
    Appomattox, Va. April 9,1865 . Note: Buried in Marietta Confederate Cemetery
    MUSTER ROLL OF COMPANY *M, 26th REGIMENT
    GEORGIA VOLUNTEER INFANTRY,
    ARMY NORTHERN VIRGINIA
    C. S. A.
    McINTOSH COUNTY, GEORGIA
    McINTOSH COUNTY GUARDS
    Greene, Charles (Colored)-Musician August 13, 1861 . Reported “absent without pay” on roll dated February 28,1862 . No later record.
    Savally, Henry (Colored)-Musician August 13, 1861 . Appears last on roll for October 31,1861 .
    MUSTER ROLL OF COMPANY D, 30th REGIMENT
    GEORGIA VOLUNTEER INFANTRY
    ARMY OF TENNESSEE
    C. S. A.
    BIBB COUNTY, GEORGIA
    HUGUENIN RIFLES
    Riley, David (Colored)-Musician October 20, 1862 . Discharged in Bibb County, Ga. November 20,1862 .
    MUSTER ROLL OF *COMPANY C, 3d BATTALION
    GEORGIA VOLUNTEER INFANTRY
    ARMY OF TENNESSEE
    C. S. A.
    FULTON COUNTY, GEORGIA
    LEWIS AND PHILLIPS GUARDS
    ORIGINALLY COUNTY LINE VOLS
    Aaron (colored) – Musician June 25, 1861 . Remained
    one month.
    MUSTER ROLL OF COMPANY G, 54th REGIMENT
    GEORGIA VOLUNTEER INFANTRY,
    ARMY OF TENNESSEE
    C. S. A.
    MUSCOGEE COUNTY, GEORGIA
    Griffin, Lucius (colored)-Musician May 12, 1862 . Trans-
    ferred to regimental band. Roll for February 28,1863 , last on file,
    shows him present.
    ROSTER OF *FIELD, STAFF AND BAND OF THE
    63rd REGIMENT GEORGIA VOLUNTEER INFANTRY
    S. A.
    *This company was organized as (1st) Co. A, 12th Battn. Ga. Light Artil-
    lery in April 1862 , and was composed of a good many men who had previous-
    ly served in the 1st (Ramsey’s) Regiment Ga. Vol. Inf. which was dhsbanded
    at the end of its one year enlistment in March 1862 . It was transferred to
    the 13th Battn. Ga. Inf. about November or December 1862 . This battn. was increased
    to regimental size in December 1862 , and became known as Gordon’s Regiment Later
    the designation was changed to the 63rd Regiment Ga. Vol. Inf.
    Fox, Joe (Colored)-Nurse. Enlisted April 1, 1863 , by consent of
    owner.
    Jones, Nelson (Colored)-Enlisted as a nurse February 1, 1864 , for a
    period of one month by consent of owner.
    Morgan, Eliza (Colored)-Nurse. Enlisted as a nurse and laun-
    dress April 1, 1863 .
    Morris, Ellen (Colored)-Nurse. Enlisted as a nurse April 1,
    1863 .
    Dawson, Hannah (Colored)-Cook. — See private Co. H.
    Dawson, Catharine (Colored)-Cook. — See private Co. H.
    MUSTER ROLL OF *COMPANY B, 63rd REGIMENT
    GEORGIA VOLUNTEER INFANTRY
    C. S. A.
    CHATHAM COUNTY, GA.
    PHOENIX RIFLEMEN
    Abraham (Colored)-Cook. Enlisted by consent of owner, December
    30, 1862 .
    Burroughs, Luke (Colored)-Enlisted as chief cook by consent
    of owner, September 1, 1862 .
    Ranger, Abram (Colored)-Assistant cook, October 31, 1862 , by
    consent of owner.
    Young, William (Colored)-Appointed drummer in Captain Gor-
    don’s Co.,1st (Olmstead’s) Regiment Ga. Inf., April 14, 1862 , by con-
    sent of owner. Transferred to Co. C, 13th Battn. Ga. Inf. ; to
    Co. B, 63d Regiment Ga. Inf., December 1862 .
    MUSTER ROLL OF *COMPANY D, 63rd REGIMENT
    GEORGIA VOLUNTEER INFANTRY
    C. S. A.
    MISCELLANEOUS COUNTIES
    Burroughs, Lydia (Colored)-Enlisted as a cook May 6, 1863 .
    MUSTER ROLL OF COMPANY *K, 63rd REGIMENT
    GEORGIA VOLUNTEER INFANTRY
    C. S. A.
    CHATHAM AND OTHER COUNTIES
    Black, Solomon (Colored)-Musician in Co. B, 13th Battn. Ga.
    Inf., April 26, 1862 . Transferred to Co. K, 63d Regiment Ga. Inf., December
    1862 .
    Burroughs, Sam (Colored)-Cook September 1, 1862 , in Co. B, 13th
    Battn. Ga. Inf. Transferred to Co. K, 63d Regiment Ga. Inf., December
    1862 .
    Dawson, Catharine (Colored)-Cook April 1, 1863 .
    Dawson, Hannah (Colored)-Cook April 1, 1863 .
    MUSTER ROLL OF COMPANY A, 2nd BATTALION
    GEORGIA VOLUNTEER INFANTRY
    ARMY OF NORTHERN VIRGINIA
    WRIGHT’S BRIGADE
    C. S. A.
    MUSCOGEE COUNTY, GEORGIA
    “CITY LIGHT GUARDS”
    Harris, Peter (Colored)-Musician April 20, 1861 .
    Schley, Wesley (Colored)-Musician April 20, 1861 . Discharged
    May 20, 1863 .
    MUSTER ROLL OF *COMPANY B, 2d BATTALION
    GEORGIA VOLUNTEER INFANTRY
    ARMY OF NORTHERN VIRGINIA
    C. S. A.
    BIBB COUNTY, GEORGIA
    MACON VOLUNTEERS
    Whittle, John (Colored)-Musician August 7, 1861 .
    Benger, Charles (Colored)-Musician April 20, 1861 .
    MUSTER ROLL OF *COMPANY E, 32d REGIMENT
    GEORGIA VOLUNTEER INFANTRY
    ARMY OF TENNESSEE
    C. S. A.
    WASHINGTON COUNTY
    *There are no rolls of this company on file in Washington, D. C. Enlistments appear to have been principally from Washington County, but roll is credited also to Chatham County.
    Cochran, John A. private May 7, 1862 . Roll for November 1862 , show she was “detailed as overseer for negro brigade.” No later record.
    Hollifield, Wilkes L. private May 7, 1862 . Regimental returns for November 1862 , shows him “clerk in negro brigade.” No later record.
    MUSTER ROLL OF COMPANY F, 32d REGIMENT
    GEORGIA VOLUNTEER INFANTRY
    ARMY OF TENNESSEE
    C. S. A.
    CLAY COUNTY, GEORGIA “JEFF DAVIS GUARDS”
    Findley, C. S. private May 7,1862 . On detail duty, overseer for negro brigade, November 1862 . Elected 1st Lieutenant of Co. G, June 4,1863 . Surrendered, Greensboro, N. C. April 26,1865 .
    MUSTER ROLL OF COMPANY A, 64th REGIMENT
    GEORGIA VOLUNTEER INFANTRY
    ARMY OF NORTHERN VIRGINIA
    C. S. A.
    FULTON COUNTY, GEORGIA
    McCardell, Thomas F. (or McCardle)-2nd Sergeant in Co. A,
    64th Regiment Ga. Inf., February 16, 1863 . Transferred to Co. C, April 4,
    1863 , and elected 1st Lieutenant. Sick in Virginia Hospital,
    Petersburg, Va., June 7, 1864 . In Confederate States Hospital,
    Petersburg, Va., June 8, 1864 . In General Hospital No. 4, Rich-
    mond, Va., August 24, 1864 , with wound in left hand. In General
    Hospital, Howard’s Grove, Richmond, Va., September 10, 1864 . Ten-
    dered resignation October 5, 1864 . Elected Captain. The Board of
    Examiners of Sorrel’s Brigade certified that McCardell was
    qualified to command a regt. of Negro troops, March 24, 1865 . Cap-
    tured at Chesterfield Court House, Va., April 1, 1865 , and sent to
    Johnson’s Island, Ohio. Released at Johnson’s Island, Ohio, June
    19, 1865 .
    MUSTER ROLL OF COMPANY A, 32d REGIMENT
    GEORGIA VOLUNTEER INFANTRY
    ARMY OF TENNESSEE
    C. S. A.
    JASPER & JONES COUNTIES, GEORGIA
    Gunn, John W. private May 5, 1862 . On detail duty, overseeing negroes on Sullivan Island, S. C., June 1,-December 31,1864 . Surrendered, Greensboro, N. C. April 26, 1865 .
    MUSTER ROLL OF *COMPANY C, 32d REGIMENT
    GEORGIA VOLUNTEER INFANTRY
    ARMY OF TENNESSEE
    C. S. A.
    BURKE COUNTY, GEORGIA WILLIAMS’ VOLUNTEERS
    Armstrong, W. J. private May 12, 1862 . On special duty, overseer of negroes on Govt. works, September 1862 . Received pay for detail duty in Engineering Dept. at Savannah, Ga. December 18,1862 . Served as Sub-enrolling Officer July 9-September 1,1863 . Received commutation of clothing at Savannah, Ga. from October 8, 1862 , to October 8, 1863 , on November 28, 1863 . No later record.
    MUSTER ROLL OF *COMPANY F, 34th REGIMENT
    GEORGIA VOLUNTEER INFANTRY
    ARMY OF TENNESSEE
    C. S. A.
    DADE COUNTY, GEORGIA
    Naler, James C. (or Naylor)- private May 17, 1862 . Captured at Vicksburg, Miss. July 4,1863 , and paroled there July 8, 1863 . “Applied to C.S. Secy. of War for permission to go to Murray County, Ga. to raise a company of negroes for service in C. S. Army, April 20,1865 .”
    MUSTER ROLL OF *COMPANY I, 63rd REGIMENT
    GEORGIA VOLUNTEER INFANTRY
    C. S. A.
    BARTOW AND OTHER COUNTIES
    Durham, H. C. — private April 6, 1863 Appointed 4th Sergeant
    April , May or June 1863 . Detailed as physician to attend Negroes
    employed by Government, September 20, 1863 . Honorably reduced to
    private because of continued detail, December 27, 1863 . Deserted to
    the enemy, July 14, 1864 . Took the oath of allegiance to the U S.,
    July 16, 1864 , and was sent to be released north of the Ohio
    River.

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